Detention of Self-Radicalised Singaporean
There is a troubling new phenomenon today of individuals who are self-radicalised, independent of direct recruitment by established terrorist groups. Such cases have been uncovered in several countries. Singapore has not been immune. In recent years, ISD has investigated a few Singaporeans who had become attracted to terrorist and radical ideas purveyed in the mass media, particularly the Internet.
In Feb 2007, ISD arrested and subsequently detained one self-radicalised Singaporean under the Internal Security Act (ISA) - Abdul Basheer s/o Abdul Kader (Abdul Basheer), aged 28. At the time of his arrest, Abdul Basheer had made specific plans to pursue 'militant jihad' in Afghanistan.
Abdul Basheer studied law at university. He practised law after graduation and later became a lecturer in an educational institution. From late 2004, he began developing the mindset that he had to wage 'militant jihad' in a land where Muslims were under attack. His views were shaped by the radical discourse that he avidly looked up on the Internet.
In Oct 2006, Abdul Basheer left Singapore for a Middle-East country. He planned to live there for two years, learning Arabic so that he could communicate with 'mujahidin' fighters. However, within two months, his 'militant jihad' plans escalated as he became even more deeply influenced by the extremist propaganda he read on the Internet. By Dec 2006, he had decided to embark on 'militant jihad' immediately. At the time of his arrest, he had purchased an air ticket to Pakistan, where he intended to make contact with a militant group - the Lashkar e-Tayyiba (LeT) - that could help him train for 'militant jihad' and to cross over into Afghanistan to fight alongside the Taliban. Abdul Basheer enlisted the help of his friend in Singapore, Muhamad Yassin Khan bin Muhamad Yunos, to facilitate his plans. He was arrested and repatriated before he could embark on his violent agenda.
Abdul Basheer was detained under the ISA in Feb 2007.
Issuance of Restriction Order (RO) against Muhamad Yassin Khan bin Muhamad Yunos
Yassin Khan, aged 30, a Singaporean, is a close friend of Abdul Basheer. He was not only fully aware of Abdul Basheer's plans to wage 'militant jihad' in Afghanistan, but had actively abetted it. At Abdul Basheer's request, Yassin Khan tried to facilitate Abdul Basheer's 'militant jihad' training. He had also encouraged Abdul Basheer's 'militant jihad' aspirations by offering suggestions, like how Abdul Basheer could obtain more funds to finance his activities. In view of his abetment to violence, Yassin Khan was issued with an RO in Feb 2007.
JI Terrorist Network
ISD also continued to disrupt the Jemaah Islamiyah terrorist network (JI). Between Nov 2006 and Apr 2007, 4 more Singapore JI members were issued with Orders of Detention (ODs) under the ISA, while a fifth was issued with an RO. Meanwhile, 5 JI detainees were released on Suspension Directions1 (SDs) on 1 Jun 2007.
Detention of 4 JI members
The 4 JI members detained under the ISA were Ishak s/o Mohamed Noohu (Ishak), Mohamed Hussain bin Saynudin (Hussain), Mohamed Yassin s/o O P Mohamed Nooh (Mohamed Yassin) and Ibrahim bin Mohd Noor (Ibrahim).
Ishak was a senior member of the Singapore JI network. He fled Singapore in Dec 2001 following ISD's security operation against Singapore JI members. Ishak had undergone terrorist training in Mindanao and was involved in various plans by the JI to mount attacks against foreign targets in Singapore. Most significantly, he was a member of Singapore JI leader Mas Selamat bin Kastari (detained)'s team that planned to hijack an airplane in order to crash it into Changi Airport. Ishak was arrested and detained under the ISA in Nov 2006.
- Mohamed Hussain bin Saynudin
Hussain was a member of the Singapore JI network. He left Singapore in Aug 2001, prior to the Dec 2001 security operation against the JI network, to pursue Arabic studies overseas; after the ISD operation, he deliberately stayed overseas so as to avoid the Singapore authorities. Hussain had previously undergone terrorist training with the Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT) militant group in Pakistan. He had also abetted a Singaporean (Abdul Basheer s/o Abdul Kader; detained) in the latter's 'militant jihad' plans. Hussain was arrested and detained under the ISA in Feb 2007.
- Mohamed Yassin s/o O P Mohamed Nooh
Mohamed Yassin was a member of the Singapore JI network. Similar to Hussain, he left Singapore in Aug 2001, prior to the Dec 2001 security operation against the JI network, to pursue Arabic studies overseas; and deliberately remained overseas in subsequent years so as to avoid the Singapore authorities. Mohamed Yassin had been involved in fund-raising for the JI. He had also undergone JI training in Malaysia. Mohamed Yassin was arrested and detained under the ISA in Feb 2007.
Ibrahim was a member of the Singapore JI network. He fled Singapore in Dec 2001 following the arrests of Singapore JI members in ISD's security operation. Ibrahim was a trained operative. He had conducted terrorist reconnaissance against local establishments in Singapore. Ibrahim was arrested and detained under the ISA in Apr 2007.
Restriction Order against one JI member
Jamil bin Ansani was a member of the Singapore JI network. He fled Singapore in Dec 2001 following the arrests of Singapore JI members in ISD's security operation. Jamil had assisted the JI in some of its operational reconnaissance activities, but was not a key operative. Jamil was arrested and later issued with an RO in Mar 2007.
Release of 5 JI detainees
Five JI detainees have been released under Suspension Direction on 1 Jun 2007. They are Mohamed Noor bin Sulaimi, Naharudin bin Sabtu, Nordin bin Parman and Syed Ibrahim, who were detained since Sep 2002, and Mohamed Yassin s/o O P Mohamed Nooh, who was detained since Feb 2007. They had cooperated with ISD on investigations into the JI, and had responded positively to rehabilitation. They are assessed to no longer pose a security threat to Singapore that warrants preventive detention.
A person released under Suspension Direction has his OD suspended, and must abide by certain conditions and restrictions after release. He may be re-detained should he fail to respect these conditions and restrictions.