Written Replies to Parliamentary Questions

Written Reply to Parliamentary Question on Recidivism Rate for Long Term Imprisonment 1 and Drug Rehabilitation Centre Inmates from 2010 to 2013 by Mr K Shanmugam, Minister for Home Affairs and Minister for Law

Published: 07 November 2016


Mr Christopher de Souza: To ask the Minister for Home Affairs what is the recidivism rate for Long Term Imprisonment 1 (LT1) and Drug Rehabilitation Centre (DRC) inmates who are released from 2010 to 2013.



1. The two-year recidivism rates for persons released from the Drug Rehabilitation Centre (DRC) and Long-Term Imprisonment 1 (LT1) from 2010 to 2013 are as follows.

2010 2011 2012 2013
DRC 27.5% 31.1% 28.3% 31.9%
LT1 23.8% 34.1% 36.0% 27.0%


2. The recidivism rates of drug inmates have come down significantly from 60-70% in the 1990s. The improvement was a result of rehabilitation programmes, as well as tough enforcement measures.


3. Singapore Prison Service (SPS) has been continuing to enhance its rehabilitation programmes. For example, under the enhanced Drug Rehabilitation Regime introduced in 2014, inmates are placed on programmes tailored to their drug addiction issues and re-offending risks.


4. SPS also introduced the Enhanced Supervision Scheme (ESS) in 2012 to provide more intensive care for high-risk LT inmates. The aftercare enhancements include mandatory casework, individual counselling and community supervision.


Prisons Management and Rehabilitation