Trafficking in persons (TIP) is a transnational crime which exploits vulnerable victims.
In Singapore, the national efforts in formulating and coordinating national policies and programmes to prevent and combat human trafficking is spearheaded by the Inter-Agency Taskforce on Trafficking in Persons (TIP Taskforce).
TIP Taskforce is co-lead by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and Ministry of Manpower (MOM), with support from 7 other government agencies:
Singapore is a party to the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (UN TIP Protocol), which commits ratifying states to prevent and combat trafficking in persons, protecting and assisting victims of trafficking and promoting cooperation among states in order to meet those objectives.
Regionally and globally, Singapore actively participates at anti-TIP platforms to generate awareness amongst the global and regional communities on Singapore’s efforts in combatting TIP. These platforms include:
Read about national initiatives for dealing with TIP:
Launched in 2012, the NPA was the roadmap for Singapore’s Whole-of-Government approach to dealing with TIP
from 2012 to 2015.
Key NPA initiatives included:
The TIP Public Awareness Grant seeks to encourage public education initiatives that help raise awareness of TIP crimes.
Another significant outcome of the NPA was the passing of the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act, which was introduced in Parliament in November 2014 and took effect in March 2015.
With the initiatives under the NPA completed, the Taskforce launched the National Approach Against TIP in March 2016. Building on the success of the NPA, the National Approach
sets out key strategies and outcomes to guide the Taskforce and its stakeholders as they develop work plans to combat TIP.
These are the four desired outcomes of the National Approach Against TIP:
In 2015, Singapore acceded to the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (UN TIP Protocol).
The UN TIP Protocol lays out international standards for the elimination of TIP, and seeks to prevent, suppress and punish TIP perpetrators while protecting victims and promoting cooperation among state parties to meet these objectives.
Singapore is fully in compliance with the Protocol.
In 2015, Singapore also passed
the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act (PHTA) to deter TIP and support the rehabilitation of trafficked victims, especially vulnerable individuals.
The PHTA explicitly criminalises TIP, defines the offences, and sets out actions which constitute abetment of the TIP offence. It also makes it an offence for a person to knowingly receive payment in connection with the exploitation of a trafficked victim, with severe penalties for doing so.
The PHTA is part of Singapore's wide suite of legislation to prosecute TIP and related offences.
Depending on the facts and circumstances of each case, offenders who engage in activities related to trafficking can also be taken to task under the Women’s Charter, Penal Code, Employment of Foreign Manpower Act and other relevant legislation.
You can report suspected trafficking-in-persons activity through: