The Immigration and Checkpoints Authority (ICA) is responsible for securing Singapore's borders against the entry of undesirable people and cargo through land, air and sea checkpoints.
ICA also administers immigration and registration services, such as issuing passports and identity cards to Singapore citizens, and immigration passes and permits to foreigners. As a security agency, we enforce laws and regulations relating to immigration and registration.
ICA keeps our borders safe and secure against the entry of undesirable persons and cargo through our land, sea and air checkpoints.
ICA also performs national registration functions, oversees the issuance of immigration and travel documents for Singaporeans and foreign visitors, and conducts operations against immigration offenders.
Our laws on immigration, registration and checkpoints include the following:
The Immigration Act (IA) serves to regulate the entry, stay and exit of foreigners. It provides a practical legal framework to facilitate the movement of people, while keeping criminals and undesirable elements
The Act was last amended in 2018 to enhance the Home Team’s operational effectiveness at the checkpoints and strengthen border security. Key amendments included:
The National Registration Act (NRA) regulates the registration of persons in Singapore for the issuance of identity cards and its related purposes.
The NRA was last amended in 2016, to allow the ICA to:
The amendments were aimed at strengthening the operational effectiveness and efficiency of ICA officers, and allows ICA to provide more convenient registration services to the public, while enhancing security in Singapore.
The Registration of Birth and Deaths Act (RBDA) regulates the registration of births and deaths in Singapore.
The Passports Act (PA) provides for the issuance of Singapore passports and other travel documents to be used as evidence of identity and citizenship by citizens of Singapore who are travelling internationally.
It regulates the use of the Singapore passport and its related matters.
The PA was last amended in 2007 to:
We are constantly working to enhance our operational excellence and capabilities. Our latest initiatives include leveraging technology to improve the delivery of immigration and checkpoint services, so that we can provide a hassle-free experiences to
our customers and reduce the reliance on manpower.
Some of our technological developments include:
From 2023, a new 24-hour Integrated Services Centre equipped with iSmart-enabled self-service kiosks will allow individuals to collect their documents such as passports within 15 minutes. It will provide a convenient, one-stop service for members of the
Since 2016, a biometric screening system has been deployed at all checkpoints to capture and verify the thumbprint, facial and iris information of visitors arriving and departing from Singapore. Travellers can be authenticated using any of the 3 biometric
identifiers. This makes it more accurate and makes immigration clearance more efficient for travellers who may face difficulties using their fingerprints.
From 2022, travelling Singaporeans will no longer need to produce their passports at immigration control. They can be identified instead through facial and iris biometrics. This will provide a seamless, secure and efficient immigration clearance process,
as well as delivery of services, for Singaporeans, residents and travellers.
By 2021, paper-based arrival cards will be replaced by electronic arrival cards which visitors can submit online or through their mobile phone. The electronic arrival card is part of ICA’s efforts to enhance the immigration clearance process for foreign visitors to Singapore, and is a significant step towards ICA’s vision of paperless immigration clearance.